In recent years, hospitals have made great strides in the adoption of electronic health records (EHR). As of 2014, 76% of all hosptals in the United States were employing an EHR system to manage clinical information (American Hospital Association, 2015). The perioperative staff is now looking for improvements to their workflow and work environment from these electronic systems, seeking patient-safety focused integration of information carefully selected from the growing flood of electronic data.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), The Joint Commission, the National Quality Forum, and the World Health Organization are among the world bodies that are developing patient-safety standards.
Healthcare checklists are gaining momentum, particularly since the World Health Organization’s Safe Surgery Saves Lives Program published results of its study in 2009, indicating that a safety checklist significantly improved surgical outcomes in hospitals across the world.